Organizational behavior is referred to as organizational studies of the activities and behavior of individual and groups toward each another and the organization as a whole and its effect on the organization’s functionality and performance. It is a sub discipline of management science and is concerned with human behavior in an organizational environment. Initially it was hypothesized in the earlier development time of management and later it was established as a separate stream of management. It is a study of human behavior including individual and group behavior and its effect on an organization. This information is utilized to understand the basic nature of the whole organizational functioning which is an important factor of management.
According to Keith Davis “organizational behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people act within organizations. It is human tool for the human benefit. It applies broadly to behavior of people in all type of organization such as business, government, schools, etc. it helps people, structure, technology, and the external environment blend together in to an effective operative system”.
Organizational behavior (or OB) helps the management to understand, describe, predict and control the human nature in an organization so that they can work collectively for the organization’s task. It is studied in four sections— individual behavior, group behavior, organizational structure and organizational functions. This study provides the primary data to understand the whole organizational behavior which plays the most important role in organization performance.
Organizational behavior depends on management policies, values, vision, infrastructure, culture and environment of organization. It provides the suggestions and helps to improve the social relations and working proficiency of employees so that company can perform better. It is studied through a model. There are four major models—Autocratic, Custodial, Supportive and Collegial by which organization executes its decisions and actions. Although these are different from one another but these are used combined to determine the organizational behavior.
Organizational behavior has following fundamental concepts which are used to evaluation and utilize the nature of people in favor of origination. These are— Individual difference, Whole person, Motivation and Human dignity. It uses various methods to understand the organizational studies such as qualitative research methodology, complexity theory, multiple regression, statistics, time series analysis and computer simulations etc. to learn and predict the organizational nature.
Leadership is an important topic in Organisation Behaviour. Below is an example ofa Presentation done by an expert of ours on ‘Thinking Like a Leader’